Amethyst is a violet variety of quartz often used in jewelry. The name comes from the ancient Greek ἀ a- ("not") and μέθυστος methustos ("intoxicated"), a reference to the belief that the stone protected its owner from drunkenness. The ancient Greeks wore amethyst and made drinking vessels decorated with it in the belief that it would prevent intoxication. It is one of several forms of quartz.
Amethyst is a semiprecious stone and is the traditional birthstone for February. It is also the gemstone for the 6th and 17th anniversaries of marriage.
The color of amethyst can range from a pale lilac to a deep purple, and it is often used in jewelry because of its beauty and durability. It is also said to have healing properties and is believed to help with emotional balance, spiritual growth, and to have a calming effect.
Amethyst can be found in many locations around the world, including Brazil, Uruguay, and the Artibonite Valley in Haiti. The largest amethyst geode is located in the city of Artigas, Uruguay, and is known as "The Artigas Natural Amethyst Cave" it is open to the public and is a popular tourist destination.
The ancient Romans also believed in the power of amethyst and made signet rings engraved with the stone to protect them from drunkenness and to give them a clear head in business.